Upgrading to Newer Releases

Flask itself is changing like any software is changing over time. Most of the changes are the nice kind, the kind where you don’t have th change anything in your code to profit from a new release.

However every once in a while there are changes that do require some changes in your code or there are changes that make it possible for you to improve your own code quality by taking advantage of new features in Flask.

This section of the documentation enumerates all the changes in Flask from release to release and how you can change your code to have a painless updating experience.

If you want to use the easy_install command to upgrade your Flask installation, make sure to pass it the -U parameter:

$ easy_install -U Flask

Version 0.5

Flask 0.5 is the first release that comes as a Python package instead of a single module. There were a couple of internal refactoring so if you depend on undocumented internal details you probably have to adapt the imports.

The following changes may be relevant to your application:

  • autoescaping no longer happens for all templates. Instead it is configured to only happen on files ending with .html, .htm, .xml and .xhtml. If you have templates with different extensions you should override the select_jinja_autoescape() method.
  • Flask no longer supports zipped applications in this release. This functionality might come back in future releases if there is demand for this feature. Removing support for this makes the Flask internal code easier to understand and fixes a couple of small issues that make debugging harder than necessary.
  • The create_jinja_loader function is gone. If you want to customize the Jinja loader now, use the create_jinja_environment() method instead.

Version 0.4

For application developers there are no changes that require changes in your code. In case you are developing on a Flask extension however, and that extension has a unittest-mode you might want to link the activation of that mode to the new TESTING flag.

Version 0.3

Flask 0.3 introduces configuration support and logging as well as categories for flashing messages. All these are features that are 100% backwards compatible but you might want to take advantage of them.

Configuration Support

The configuration support makes it easier to write any kind of application that requires some sort of configuration. (Which most likely is the case for any application out there).

If you previously had code like this:

app.debug = DEBUG
app.secret_key = SECRET_KEY

You no longer have to do that, instead you can just load a configuration into the config object. How this works is outlined in Configuration Handling.

Logging Integration

Flask now configures a logger for you with some basic and useful defaults. If you run your application in production and want to profit from automatic error logging, you might be interested in attaching a proper log handler. Also you can start logging warnings and errors into the logger when appropriately. For more information on that, read Handling Application Errors.

Categories for Flash Messages

Flash messages can now have categories attached. This makes it possible to render errors, warnings or regular messages differently for example. This is an opt-in feature because it requires some rethinking in the code.

Read all about that in the Message Flashing pattern.